Area: 3,323.6 sq. km.
Population: 6,844.1 thousand habitants (2012).
-12 urban districts: Hoan Kiem, Ba Dinh, Dong Da, Hai Ba Trung, Tay Ho, Thanh Xuan, Cau Giay, Long Bien, Hoang Mai, Ha Dong, Nam Tu Liem, Bac Tu Liem.
- 1 town: Son Tay.
- 17 rural districts: Dong Anh, Soc Son, Thanh Tri, Gia Lam (Ha Noi); Ba Vi, Chuong My, Dan Phuong, Hoai Duc, My Duc, Phu Xuyen, Phuc Tho, Quoc Oai, Thach That, Thanh Oai. Thuong Tin, Ung Hoa (former Ha Tay province) and Me Linh (a former district of Vinh Phuc province).
Ethnic groups: Viet (Kinh), Hoa, Muong, Tay, Dao...
Ha Noi is the capital of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam, the center of culture, politics, economy and trade of the whole country.
Hanoi is the capital of Vietnam, which is one of the most peaceful cities of the world for stability, harmony and friendliness with tourists, as well as the lives of the people here. Hanoi has a long history and rich cultural traditions. In 2010, the city held a large anniversary festival of 1000 years of culture and history (this city became official capital from 1010) In the eyes of tourists, Hanoi is well-known for many tourist destinations. The city center is where you can call on historic sites like Imperial Citadel of Thang Long, Water Puppet Theatre, Hanoi Old Quarter, Hoan Kiem Lake, Ngoc Son Temple, the old French villas, Tran Quoc pagoda, Literature of Temple or Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum Complex ... Far away 20 km of Suburban City, guests can visit the traditional villages such as Bat Trang ceramic villages, Duong Lam ancient village, ... and many other scenic spots.
Ha Noi is located in the Red River Delta, in the center of North Viet Nam. It is encompassed by Thai Nguyen and Vinh Phuc provines to the north, Ha Nam and Hoa Binh provinces to the south, Bac Giang, Bac Ninh and Hung Yen provinces to the east, Hoa Binh and Phu Tho provinces to the west.
Ha Noi means "the hinterland between the rivers" (Ha: river, Noi: interior). Ha Noi's territory is washed by the Red River (the portion of the Red River embracing Ha Noi is approximately 40km long) and its tributaries, but there are some other rivers flowing through the capital, including Duong, Cau, Ca Lo, Day, Nhue, Tich, To Lich and Kim Nguu.
Climate: Ha Noi is situated in a tropical monsoon zone with two main seasons. During the dry season, which lasts from October to April, it is cold and there is very little rainfall, except from January to March, when the weather is still cold but there is some light rain. The wet season, from May to September, is hot with heavy rains and storms. The average annual temperature is 23.2°C (73.7°F) and the average annual rainfall is 1,800mm. The average temperature in winter is 17.2°C (62.9°F), but can go down to 8°C (46.4°F). The average temperature in summer is 29.2°F (84.6°F), but can reach up to 39°C (102.2°F).